The situation in Afghanistan related to diabetes and other chronic diseases is bleak. Current estimates state that 1 million Afghans have diabetes. But diabetes prevalence in the general population is estimated at 5-9%. With a population of over 30 million people, an additional 1-2 million undiagnosed cases of diabetes very likely exist in Afghanistan today.
Additionally, Afghanistan has an ageing and rapidly urbanising population, a national diet that is largely carbohydrate based and rapidly becoming more processed and western, and an increasingly obese and inactive population. All of these are risk factors for developing diabetes.
To improve awareness and access, raise knowledge and skills of healthcare providers, implement strong advocacy for national diabetic programmes, and establish a Centre of Excellence for Diabetes in Afghanistan. A public awareness campaign targeting 33 of the 34 Afghan provinces, potentially reaching 20,000,000 Afghans, is planned.
Culturally appropriate awareness campaigns will be rolled out through tv, radio, internet, billboards, cellular phones and educational activities.
The project will build capacity in health care personnel through e-learning, seminars and workshops, in both public hospitals and private clinics throughout Afghanistan.
Diabetes screening will take place at Afshar Hospital and public gathering places and will also include health education.
A school education programme will integrate presentations by Afshar Hospital about healthy living within the existing health education programme.
Governmental decision makers and influential leaders will be mobilised to address diabetes through workshops, lectures, and social events.
The goal of establishing a Centre of Excellence (CoE) for diabetes at Afshar Hospital in Kabul will be achieved by developing Afshar Hospital as a leading centre for diabetes education, treatment and information through staff capacity building and adaption of training and educational material, as well as improving patient registers.
- 300,000 people to be provided increased awareness about diabetes
- 52 trainers trained through e-learning
- 630 HCPs from 30 hospitals and 110 clinics trained through seminars
- 63,000 patients gain access to improved diabetes care at 30 hospitals and 110 clinics
- 4,800 people screened for diabetes and received health education, including collection of clinical data
- 6,000 students reached through education programme at six schools
- 100 governmental decision makers and stakeholder representatives engaged in addressing diabetes
- Estimated 20 million Afghans potentially reached through awareness campaign (total population of Afghanistan is approx. 32 million)