Primary prevention and awareness
The global obesity epidemic, exacerbated by the changed eating habits and reduced physical activity that accompany industrialisation and urbanisation, is a major contributor to the diabetes epidemic.
Approximately 75-80% of people with type 2 diabetes are obese or overweight. WDF-funded prevention projects include primary, secondary and/or tertiary prevention, and target lifestyle interventions and prevention of diabetes complications. Knowledge alone is not enough to change lifestyle habits. Therefore, primary prevention projects also focus on societal norms and structures (such as regulations and access to safe exercise spaces), to help people live healthier lives and to ensure availability and access to proper diabetes care.
Prevention projects often include
• School health initiatives involving pupils, their parents, families and teachers
• Awareness and screening camps
• Awareness raising via radio, TV and social media
• Various types of lifestyle interventions
• Community mobilisation
• Training of healthcare professionals and dieticians
• Education of patients in self-management and care
• Strengthened diabetes care and follow-up