Raised blood glucose levels and blood pressure damage small vessels, including retinal vessels. Eye disease caused by diabetes (diabetic retinopathy) is the leading cause of acquired blindness globally, affecting more than one third of people with diabetes.
If detected early, diabetic retinopathy can be treated and blindness prevented. The WDF therefore supports effective management of diabetes in primary healthcare, including regular screening for diabetic retinopathy. In addition to training healthcare professionals and establishing referral systems, the WDF also supports procurement of the equipment needed to provide eye examinations and treatment.